UW Journal of Management Sciences https://uwjms.org.pk/index.php/uwjms <p>The ‘<strong>UW Journal of Management Sciences</strong>’ (UWJMS) provides an international forum for dialogue amongst the researchers, thereby improving the understanding of the nature of management in different cultural settings and promoting the transfer of research results to respective communities. It is devoted to publishing papers that would advance knowledge of the practical and theoretical aspects of management sciences. This Journal provides a framework for disseminating research and academic brilliance in the field of management. Basically, Management studies allow developing a broad understanding of business organizations and provide us with subject-specific knowledge in areas such as markets, customers, finance, human resource, operations, communication, information technology, and business policy and strategy.</p> <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>International Standard Serial Number (ISSN):</strong><br /></span>2523-0417 (online), 2521-5876 (print)</p> <p><strong>Review Type:</strong> Double Blind Peer Review</p> <p><strong>Frequency: </strong>A<span data-dobid="hdw">nnually</span></p> <p><strong>Plagiarism Checking:</strong> Turnitin</p> <p><strong>Publication Charges: </strong>Free of cost </p> <p><strong>Submission Charges: </strong>Free of cost<strong> </strong></p> <p><strong>Journal Type: </strong>Open Access Journal</p> en-US editor@uwjms.org.pk (Dr. Faiza Saleem) naveed.anwar@wecuw.edu.pk (Engr. Naveed Anwar) Wed, 15 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Developing Strategies to Improve Teaching Process for Cost Accounting Course: Faculties of Administrative and Financial Sciences https://uwjms.org.pk/index.php/uwjms/article/view/15 <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Purpose:</strong> This study aims to identify the necessary strategies that would improve the teaching of cost accounting course at Palestinian universities in Gaza strip.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Design/Methodology:</strong> Five null hypotheses were developed and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The population of this study was 40 accounting lecturers from 4 universities. The study instrument consisted of 76 structured questionnaires including five fields “teaching planning, teaching resources, improving the teaching process, classroom management, and teaching assessment”. Data were collected by delivering 40 questionnaires electronically and manually to the lecturers from Israa University– Gaza and other Palestinian universities. SPSS software was employed for data analysis, t-test analysis was used to test the study hypotheses.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Findings:</strong> The results of the study showed that the teaching process could be improved through educational planning strategies.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Implications:</strong> It is recommended that cost accounting course lecturers at Palestinian universities must work to integrate the set of strategies associated with improving cost accounting education and learning. Additionally, government officials should organize on-the-job workshops, seminars and training courses on how to use ICT education resources for accounting education.</p> Fathi Alsawafiri, Monir ELghorra, Ahmed Alhussaina, Rafaat Alhor Copyright (c) 2022 https://uwjms.org.pk/index.php/uwjms/article/view/15 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Does the Knowledge Sharing Self-Efficacy Moderate the Relationship between Knowledge Collecting Behavior and Social Networking? https://uwjms.org.pk/index.php/uwjms/article/view/16 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> Today, the biggest challenge most organizations are facing is how to make effective use of available social networking technologies for enhancing employees' proficiency and productivity. That has recently gained considerable attention from organizations around the world that are encountering a pattern change in their overall business environment and specific operational requirements. The purpose of this study is to examine the direct impact of knowledge collecting behavior on employees’ productivity and an indirect effect through social networking technologies.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Design and Methodology:</strong> The sample data were collected from employees working in service sector organizations located in Islamabad, Rawalpindi, and Wah Cantt, cities of the Northern Punjab region of Pakistan. Structural Equation Modelling technique using the Smart PLS software tool was applied to the data for statistical analysis.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Findings: </strong>The results have shown that the hypothesis direct effect of knowledge collecting behavior and an indirect effect through knowledge sharing self-efficacy on social networking are significant. Furthermore, the self-efficacy factor proved to be a significant positive moderator in strengthening the direct relationship between knowledge collecting and social networking.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Implications:</strong> The findings provided useful insight for policymakers in service sector organizations for planning effective use of social networking technologies and crafting knowledge collecting behavior among employees for achieving desired organizational outcomes. The study also identified useful future avenues for researchers to extend their studies on similar lines.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Sarah Khan Copyright (c) 2022 https://uwjms.org.pk/index.php/uwjms/article/view/16 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Factors effecting Corporate Cash Holdings: A Case of Fuel and Power Sector in Pakistan https://uwjms.org.pk/index.php/uwjms/article/view/17 <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>The topic on cash holding has enticed strong debate in the field of finance. A number of researchers have studied the cash holding patterns and its determinants in developed economies while a little attention is given to the corporate cash holdings (CCH) in developing economies. Pakistan is developing country so the objective of this research study is to determine the impact of micro-economic and macro-economic determinants of CCH in the Fuel and Power sector in Pakistan.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Design/Methodology: </strong>To achieve the desired objective cash and cash equivalent is taken as dependent variable, whereas micro level variables leverage (LEV), dividend payout (DIV), growth opportunity (GO), firm size (FS) and macro variables inflation (CPI), gross domestic product (GDP), short term interest rate (IR) are used as&nbsp; independent variables. The study used annual data for fuel and power sector and is obtained from annual reports of firms and State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) for the period 2013- 2018. Feasible Generalized Leased Square (FGLS) technique has been used to investigate the said relationship.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Findings: </strong>The study reports some significant and insignificant impacts of micro and macro-economic factors on the corporate cash holdings.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Implications: </strong>The study contributes to the literature as well as the findings of this research are beneficial for policy and decision makers to make clear understanding and knowledge on corporate cash holding pattern.</p> Laraib Zafar Copyright (c) 2022 https://uwjms.org.pk/index.php/uwjms/article/view/17 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Causal Relationship between Inflation Rate, Exchange Rate, Interest Rate and Stock Market Returns https://uwjms.org.pk/index.php/uwjms/article/view/18 <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Purpose:</strong> The purpose of this study is to provide empirical evidence on the causal relationship between interest rate (INTR), exchange rate (EXR), inflation rate (INFR) and stock prices return (SPR) in Pakistan for twenty years from 1998-2018.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Design and Methodology:</strong> The research study first used Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF) unit root test to check the stationarity of the data at level and at first differences, after determining the stationarity of the data next technique that is Johansen Co-integration Technique was used to determine the long term equilibrium relationship among variables. Finally, Granger Causality Test was used to find the causal relationship among the variables, by using this technique, direction of causality that is unidirectional, bidirectional and no direction causality was investigated.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Findings: </strong>The results from Granger Causality have shown a unidirectional causality running from EXR to SPR and from INTR to SPR and no causality was observed between INFR and SPR respectively.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Implications:</strong> The overall evidence, however, appears to show that Pakistan equity market efficiently incorporated much of the INTR and EXR information in its SPR. The study have important implications for investors.</p> Neelum Nawab, Sadiqeen Ahmad, Muhammad Tahir Khan Copyright (c) 2022 https://uwjms.org.pk/index.php/uwjms/article/view/18 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 An Empirical Study of Service Recovery with Perceived Justice Impact on Customer Loyalty: A Pakistan’s Commercial Aviation Industry Perspective https://uwjms.org.pk/index.php/uwjms/article/view/19 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> The objective of the study is to analyze the effect of service recovery by applying the three dimensions of perceived justice (Justice Theory). Also, the mediating role of co-creating service recovery and moderation of culture was applied and measured. This study complements the prior literature by the mediating role of co-creation and moderation of culture.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Design and Methodology:</strong> The population of the study is the passengers of the metropolitan city (Rawalpindi/Islamabad) of Pakistan who faced any service failure from Pakistan’s commercial airline. Data is gathered through a structured questionnaire from 357 respondents and a convenience sampling technique is used to gather the data. SPSS 20.0 is used for analysis.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Findings: </strong>The findings of the study confirmed the previous studies and all three dimensions of perceived justice i.e., procedural, interactional, and distributive justice showed a positive relationship with customer loyalty with the mediating role of co-creation of service recovery. The interactional justice dimension strengthened the relationship more positively while the other two dimensions i.e., informational and distributive justice didn’t show a significant impact on customer loyalty when moderated by culture.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Implications:</strong> Co-creation of service recovery is recommended for Pakistan’s airline industry with a large focus on interactional justice i.e., empathy, apology, and problem-solving behavior while interacting with the customers who faced the service failure.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Farooq Khurram Copyright (c) 2022 https://uwjms.org.pk/index.php/uwjms/article/view/19 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of Visionary Leadership on Pro-Social Motivation and Emotional Exhaustion https://uwjms.org.pk/index.php/uwjms/article/view/20 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> The study's goal is to investigate the impact of visionary leadership on prosocial<br>motivation and emotional exhaustion, which will be useful for organizations in<br>the future; it also proves the value of visionary leadership. Making a strategy for staff<br>to reduce emotional exhaustion will be beneficial. It stated that visionary leadership is<br>linked to pro-social motivation in a good way.<br><strong>Design and Methodology:</strong> As a sample of 350 respondents from different Pakistani<br>banks from Rawalpindi and Islamabad. The instrument of data collection is<br>questionnaire, which consist of 32 items (questions). There are three parts of<br>questionnaire, one part for each variable. There are 6 items for visionary leadership, 8<br>items for pro-social motivation, 9 items for emotional exhaustion, and 9 items for<br>demographic data respectively.<br><strong>Findings:</strong> Results of regression analysis for first hypothesis revealed that there is a<br>significantly positive relationship between visionary leadership and pro-social<br>motivation. Likewise, the results of regression analysis for second hypothesis revealed<br>that there is a significantly negative relationship between visionary leadership and<br>emotional exhaustion.<br><strong>Implications:</strong> The findings of the study implicate that the visionary leadership in an<br>organization promotes the efficiency. The leadership qualities can be enhanced by<br>running leadership development programs.</p> Zainab Ayaz, Sabahat Javed, Syed Sikandar Wali Copyright (c) 2022 https://uwjms.org.pk/index.php/uwjms/article/view/20 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000